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The Role of Computers in the Health Sector

The Role of Computers in the Health Sector

There have been many innovations and inventions since the civilization age and the industrial revolution that took place in the eighteenth century and has continued till present. Some of these inventions were harmful to humanity and represented violence while others have been of tremendous help to society. Some of these are cars, airplanes, ships among others but the one I want to discuss its role is the computer. A computer can be defined as a machine that performs tasks, such as calculations or electronic communication, under the control of a set of instructions called a program.The Role of Computers in the Health Sector

Programs usually reside within the computer and are retrieved and processed by the computer’s electronics. The program results are stored or routed to output devices, such as video display monitors or printers. Computers perform a wide variety of activities reliably, accurately, and quickly. It could also mean any gadget that has a processor and can do more than one thing at a time. There is hardly any area today, which has not been influenced by computers, and health care systems are no exception.

The computer has really improved the health industry and this paper seeks to discuss its role in this essential sector. In the past, patient records were only kept in books which had the tendency of getting missing or being destroyed by bugs or even termites. At times record keepers will go to the store and spend hours looking for a patient’s hospital card. These books could not be kept for longer periods but the introduction of computers has come to make patient records keeping for easier and very efficient.

Electronic filing and retrieval of patient data and details is an important role that is done by computers. Though many hospitals use the chart system that was in use before computers arrived, many of the corporate hospitals use the computer system for prescription of medicines and payment of the bills as well as electronic filing of the patient details. The electronic record system helps in the case of insurance claims and also when the physicians need to refer to the previous history of the patient. The electronic records are safer and last for a longer time than the regular records maintained on paper.The Role of Computers in the Health Sector

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Research in health care is very important because it forms the basis of all future treatments in the health care industry. This is the reason why computers are very important in health care. There are many statistical packages that help researchers to analyze the data that was collected. This analysis helps to create papers that will be useful for the society at large. Computer aided software as well as the internet are used extensively by doctors, nurses, pharmacists and other health researchers to learn new medical and surgical procedures and help them update their knowledge of health issues.

Universities and other health colleges use the computer based health software and internet to study the anatomy and physiology of certain disease causing organisms to know their biological structures and how they can eliminate them with the drugs they produce. These in the past were herculean tasks for researchers but thanks to computers, healthcare has evolved through time with the aid of these computers. Using computers in health care can improve the quality and effectiveness of care and reduce its cost.

There are human beings today who are half computers and half human e. g. atients with Pacemaker, Computerized precision made artificial heart, computerized hearing aid, and computerized dialysis machine. The present day hospitals are able to understand the complex processes and manage materials, money and manpower effectively and efficiently only due to computers. We can see the vast improvement of technology in healthcare these days. Other than speeding up the diagnostic procedures, computer aids have helped provide accurate and faster analysis of tests and procedures pertinent towards being able to tell what is exactly wrong with a person who feels something wrong with him.

Diagnosis has become more accurate than in the past. Very delicate conditions and/or illnesses now can be detected right from its beginning and dealt with before they aggravate into life threatening conditions. Ranging from the usual laboratory procedures to the advanced imaging needed by radiological services, pinpoint accuracy is what computers are able to provide. Highly complex and programmable diagnosing computer based machines like x-rays; abdominal scans among others help make accurate diagnosis and hence providing the right medication to patients.The Role of Computers in the Health Sector

Also, what is termed as ‘e-hospital’ has also come to help improve accessibility to prescription and doctors. The public can now log on to health websites and report whatever is wrong with them and receive a prescription. These websites have medical doctors who are always on the stand by to attend to patients. This has made healthcare easier, less expensive and very accessible. All one needs is knowledge in the internet. Other pharmacists also have ‘e-pharmacies’ where patients can visit and get every medication they need to get just a click of the mouse.

Other health workers like dieticians, who take care of the diet of people; physiotherapists who take people through exercising and aerobic trainings now upload their videos of some training drills on these websites and psychologists have made interactive websites available where clients can easily get in touch with them and report any problem they have for solution. These two great and efficient means have greatly improved healthcare’s accessibility and affordability. All patients need to do is to sign up to these websites and pay certain fees monthly o access these beneficial products while others are free to access.

The use of computers in the health sector also decreases healthcare costs. Better patient care as mentioned above results in lower costs for the patient simply because medical conditions that are detected early tend to be easier and cheaper, to treat. At the same time, with computer systems doctors can view all past lab tests and the costs of tests yet to be given to take into consideration when deciding upon the best course of action for a patient. This, too, can save a patient money.The Role of Computers in the Health Sector

In fact, when doctors have access to all of a patient’s prior test results as well as the cost of each test they are considering giving a patient; it has been shown that doctors order fewer tests. Hospitals save money when doctors use computers to write out orders for patients. And the savings are not small. The costs per patient can be decreased by a significant amount of money. These savings will add up quickly as all inpatient orders are written on computers and this much is saved with every patient. And as computers allow doctors to treat patients more quickly and more effectively, more patients can be managed with a better level of care.

This means that the same conditions are treated but with less of a medical professional’s time being used up waiting for test results or in questionable moves made because of a lack of information on hand. In conclusion, we can hereby with respect to the points elaborated stating the role of computers in the health sector that; they save time and cost, make accessibility to prescription and doctors easily, improve the quality and effectiveness of care, for making researches and making patient records keeping easier, to say that indeed, computers has helped improve healthcare.The Role of Computers in the Health Sector

 

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