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History homework help. Religion 125 – Introduction to Christianity Exam 2d
Select the correct response – 2 points each
1) Which is one of the significant early centers of theological debate between 100 AD and 451 AD?
a) Alexandria
b) Rome
c) Jerusalem
d) Constantinople
2) What is true about the Eastern Orthodox Church?
a) It was centered in Rome
b) It had significant changes throughout the Reformation Period
c) It was centered in Constantinople
d) None of the above
3) Which of the following was a theological controversy for the Early Church?
a) Donatist Controversy
b) Arian Controversy
c) Pelagian Controversy
d) All of the above
4) Which of the following is true about the Pelagian Controversy?
a) Those involved were Augustine and Calvin
b) It developed in Rome
c) It dealt with predestination and original sin.
d) None of the above
5) The end of the Decian persecution caused what issue?
a) What to do about Decius’ successor
b) How to honor martyred Christians
c) What to do with those that aided in the persecution
d) What to do about lapsed Christians
6) How did the Early Church react to Imperial support?
a) Accommodation
b) Withdrawal into communities
c) Withdrawal into hermit existence
d) All of the above
7) What was significant about the edict issued by Decius?
a) It ended the persecutions by Roman authorities
b) It was insignificant for the Church.
c) It made Decius the head of the Church in Rome.
d) It started the Decian Persecution
8) What is true about the Arian Controversy?
a) Arius taught doctrines that de-emphasized the divinity of Christ
b) The controversy was decided in favor of Arius
c) The Controversy was ended when Arius was executed
d) None of the above
9) How did the Early Church attempt to safeguard orthodox doctrine?
a) By the use of Creeds
b) By the use of an authoritarian hierarchy in the Church
c) By Bishops claiming authority through apostolic succession
d) All of the above
10) What is true about Apologetics?
a) It sought to apologize for the excesses that developed in the Early Church
b) It was a reasoned defense and justification of the faith
c) It was centered in Antioch
d) None of the above
11) Which of the following is true about Constantine?
a) He was accepting of a great deal of theological diversity in the Church
b) He retains Rome as the capitol of the Empire
c) Christianity begins to become the religion of the Empire under him
d) Never declares himself to be Christian
12) What occurred in 1054 AD?
a) Jerusalem was captured by the Crusaders during the first Crusade
b) The Church split into two branches – the Western and Eastern Church
c) The Celtic Church gain prominence in Ireland
d) None of the above
13) What caused the Church in gain influence and power in the middle Ages?
a) The Church was a stabilizing factor
b) The hierarchy of the Church was weakened as a result of the barbarian invasions
c) The Pope reasserted control of the Church in Constantinople
d) None of the above
14) What is true about Innocent III?
a) He was probably the weakest Pope
b) He declared that the Lord’s Supper was merely a memorial
c) He claimed the title “Vicar of Christ”
d) All of the above
15) What effect did the Crusades have on the Church?
a) They increased the prestige of the Pope
b) The Church profited enormously
c) The Pope could call on secular leaders to deal with “heretics” and other dissenters
d) All of the above
16) What characterized the Church in the West during the Middle Ages?
a) State over Church
b) Theologians tended to be very philosophical
c) The work of Christ was to pay the penalty for sin
d) Council decisions served as a means of furthering debate
17) What is true about Wycliffe?
a) He felt that only Priests could interpret the Bible
b) He stressed a personal commitment to Christ
c) He accepted the Doctrine of Transubstantiation
d) He believed that the Church hierarchy was the true Church
18) What is true about Hus?
a) He believed that the Pope spoke with the same authority as Scripture
b) Believed that only God could forgive sin
c) Defined the Church as the visible hierarchy
d) Believed that Pope’s should always be obeyed as the “Vicar of Christ”
19) What impact did the Renaissance have on the Church?
a) A direct engagement with the Scripture in the original languages
b) A reliance on later Church writings to interpret the Scripture
c) A reliance on the Latin version of the Bible
d) It had no effect
20) Which of the following is true about Scholasticism?
a) It developed in Italy
b) It was influenced by Eastern Orthodox theologians after the fall of Constantinople
c) It was a rational justification of religious beliefs – a way of organizing theology
d) None of the above
21) Which of the following characterized the latter Middle Ages?
a) Popular Christianity, for example the use of relics, was decreasing
b) There was no demand for Church reform
c) A growing middle class was beginning to achieve influence
d) Doctrinal pluralism was ended
22) Who was a leader in the English Reformation?
a) Luther
b) Ridley
c) Mary
d) None of the above
23) Which of the following is true about the Reformation?
a) It was influenced by Scholasticism
b) It was a unified movement
c) It had a complex set of agendas
d) It occurred in both the Western Church and Eastern Church
24) Which of the following are parts of the Reformation?
a) Secular Reformers
b) Radical Reformers
c) Civil Reformers
d) None of the above
25) Which of the following is an element of the Reformation in continental Europe?
a) Puritanism
b) The Reformed Church
c) Presbyterianism
d) None of the above
26) What was the key part of Luther’s religious thought?
a) Separation of Church and State
b) Salvation is based on faith and faith alone
c) The Doctrine of the Atonement
d) The Seventy-five Theses
27) What is true about the Reformed Church?
a) It started with Calvin
b) It was centered in France
c) It becomes synonymous with Calvinism
d) It was an example of the Radical Reformation
28) Which of the following was one of Calvin’s theological views?
a) An emphasis on predestination
b) An emphasis on freedom of will
c) The Church should be subordinate to the state
d) God’s grace can be denied by individuals
29) Which of the following is true about the Radical Reformation?
a) They believed in infant baptism
b) There was a radical emphasis on the principle of love
c) They were accepted by Magisterial Reformers
d) They felt the Church should dictate matters to the state
30) Which of the following is true about the Catholic or Counter Reformation?
a) It clarified Catholic Doctrine
b) It resulted in the formation of the Society of Jesus
c) It eliminated abuses in the Catholic Church
d) All of the above
31) What is true about Henry VIII?
a) Henry wanted to reform the Church due to theological issues
b) Henry’s desire for a marriage annulment was the cause of the English Reformation
c) Henry appointed a pro-Catholic theologian as Archbishop of Canterbury
d) Under Henry, the English Reformation became an example of the Radical
32) Who attempted to restore Catholicism in England?
a) Mary
b) Elizabeth I
c) Henry VIII
d) Edward VI
33) What was the Elizabethan Settlement?
a) A negotiated end to the religious wars in England
b) An agreement through which the Church of England retained Catholic theology with some
Protestant influences
c) A compromise whereby the Church of England retains Catholic appearances with Protestant
d) An agreement resulting in Elizabeth I coming to the English throne
34) Which of the following is a major idea within Protestantism?
a) Scripture is the only source of authority
b) Priests continued to act as intermediaries between the people and God
c) The state is always subordinate to the Church
d) All agree that Baptism and the Lords Supper are memorials
35) How did the Enlightenment affect Christianity?
a) Jesus came to be viewed as fully man
b) It reinforced the acceptance of miracles
c) The authority of the Bible was reinforced
d) The authority of the Pope and Church hierarchy was reinforced
36) What is a key concept behind the Enlightenment?
a) An emphasis on Natural Law
b) An emphasis on Reason
c) Each person has a capacity to understand Natural Law
d) All of the above
37) What is characteristic of Deism?
a) God is creator
b) Jesus was not divine
c) The Trinity was rejected
d) All of the above
38) What is characteristic of Puritanism?
a) It was a movement within the Lutheran Reformation
b) It resulted in the Church of England completely reforming itself
c) It was a reaction resulting from dissatisfaction with the Elizabethan Settlement
d) It was influenced by the Anabaptist tradition
39) What is true about Pietism?
a) It developed in Germany
b) A personal conversion experience was stressed
c) It resulted in a personal reformation of one’s life
d) All of the above
40) What is true about Methodism?
a) It is an example of Pietism
b) It was started by John Wesley
c) It found rapid growth in the colonies
d) All of the above
41) Which of the following is true about the First Great Awakening?
a) Two major leaders were Jonathan Edwards and Charles Finney
b) It capitalized on the decline of Puritanism
c) Major denominations did not benefit from the response to the Awakening
d) It had minimal influence on further religious developments in the colonies
42) What is true about Liberal Protestantism?
a) It is based on a pessimistic view of human nature
b) It was not a significant theological movement
c) It sought to reinterpret Christian Faith in light of a modem world view
d) None of the above
43) What is true about Fundamentalism?
a) It made used of seven fundamentals
b) It agreed in principle with Liberalism
c) It can develop into an “oppositional” view in that it excludes others with differing views
d) It has been relatively insignificant within Christianity
44) What is true about the Social Gospel?
a) It sought to reform social institutions
b) It developed during the 20th Century
c) It was concerned with the poor and needy
d) All of the above
45) What is true about Neo-orthodoxy?
a) It was a reaction to liberalism
b) It attempted to combine the critical study of the Bible and modem ways of viewing the faith
c) It put emphasis on the reality of human sinfulness and the need for salvation
d) All of the above
46) What is true about Vatican II?
a) It was convened by Pope Paul VI after World War II
b) It brought several reforms to the Catholic Church
c) It reinforced the liturgy being said in Latin
d) None of the above
47) What is true about Evangelicalism?
a) It is a movement within Protestantism
b) It stresses a personal commitment to Christ
c) It is less rigid than Fundamentalism
d) All of the above
48) Which of the following was an agenda within the Reformation?
a) Theological – accepting Catholic doctrine and authority
b) Political- secular rulers attempting to assert autonomy from the Catholic Church
c) Economic – the Catholic Church losing wealth and power
d) None of the above
49) The Catholic or Counter Reformation resulted in what?
a) A strengthening of the Catholic Church in Germany
b) A strengthening of the Catholic Church in France, Spain and Italy
c) Acceptance of Reform teachings
d) None of the above
50) Which of the following is true?
a) My brain is really dead now
b) My brain is still dead from exam 1
c) I’m glad this term is over
d) All or none of the above

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