You will prepare and submit a term paper on Early Childhood Learning Communities: socio-cultural research in practice,. Your paper should be a minimum of 1750 words in length. Marilyn Fleer. (Ed). Frenchs Forest, N.S.W.: Pearson Education Australia. Summary of the text with supporting quotes The first chapter of the celebrated book on early childhood education, Early Childhood Learning Communities: socio-cultural research in practice, deals with a socio-cultural perspective on early childhood education. The most essential concern of this chapter is to provide the need for rethinking, reconceptualising and reinventing in the socio-cultural perspective on early childhood education. In the opening section of the chapter, the author provides a clear explanation of the unique features of early childhood education. According to the author, the most essential feature that distinguishes early childhood education with other areas of education is that it focuses on child development. Professional knowledge in early childhood education, according to Fleer, is fundamental, especially to realize the ‘expected development’ of a child in this stage. In this introductory chapter of the work, Marilyn Fleer offers guidelines about gathering data on child development, the reification of the term ‘child development’, and mapping our own research questions. Significantly, in the first chapter, the author introduces a socio-cultural perspective of child development, which is the most important element of early childhood education.